Yazoo Mississippi History
The Yazoo and Mississippi flood plains are usually called the Mississippi Delta or simply the Delta by the region's inhabitants. It should be noted, however, that the term "Mississippi Delta" outside physical geography often refers to a rural area in the southern part of the US state of Mississippi. Delta author David L. Cohn provides the best - well-known - definition, but it can be summarized in two words: flood protection. T - Mississippi Delta starts in a lobby of the Peabody Hotel in Memphis and ends at Catfish Row in Vicksburg.
Indian word for "River of Death," from which the name of the Yazoo River derives from the legend that bears its name.
The Mississippi Canal between Memphis and Vicksburg forms the western border of the Yazoo and Mississippi floodplains. The eastern border is defined by a steep slope that starts just outside Memphis, runs south to Greenwood and from there southwest to the Yazoos River, which meets Mississippi just before Vickersburg.
The Yazoo Dam prevents backwater from entering the South Delta, and the stream winds through a series of gates on the southern edge of the Mississippi. The gates will be closed when the Mississippi and Yazoos River levels are higher than those of the inland basin to prevent flooding from receding into the South Delta. At the southeast edge of the delta, the YazOO River flows into a stream that winds along the eastern edge of its flood plains.
At the same time, the Mississippi delegation recognized that such an action would lead to flooding in the South Delta and other parts of the state. He was the first Delta district to be hit while traveling north and the capital of Jackson State, helping put Yazoo in that position.
The economic value of the Yazoo farms was the highest of any Mississippi county, and the city continued to grow, with a beautiful new courthouse designed by the same architect who gave Mississippi its first courthouse in Jackson, the first of its kind in the state. The center for the transportation of cotton and wood consisted of one of the largest cotton spinning mills in Mississippi and the second largest wood mill in the whole of Mississippi. By the mid-19th century, the population had grown considerably, and according to census data, it was only the second most populous county in Mississippi after Hinds.
The Great Mississippi Flood of 1927 caused great damage throughout the delta, but Yazoo City was hit by a second catastrophe in April 1927, which was swamped by the second largest flood in Mississippi history. River Stage River Rate broke record after record, becoming the largest one-day river in Mississippi history and the 1929 Gulf of Mexico flood. The city of YazOO, now protected by an effective flood protection system and restored to its pre-flood state, is being tested again, this time with the 2011 Mississippi flood, which it is managing better than ever.
Yazoo's sale in 1795 has had a profound impact on Georgian politics and strained relations with the federal government for generations. The Yazoo City was rebuilt to be burned down again in 1904 in the worst fire in the state's history. On an unusually windy May 25, 1904, the Civil War broke out, and the greatest disaster hit Yazoo City.
The Choctaw Nation sold its Northwestern lands to the United States in 1820 under the Doak's Stand Treaty, and the town of Yazoo, which sits in a large area of Mississippi, opened up for the first time to settlement by white and black Americans. With the acquisition of the ChoCTaw lands, YazOO County was quickly populated and by the early 20th century Benton had fewer than 300 inhabitants. In 1849 it became a county seat, shrinking Bentons but being the largest in the state with more than 1,000 residents.
The whites of Yazoo City responded by establishing a private school, Manchester School, the first public school in Yazoo County, in time for the fall of 1969.
I needed to know the racial composition of my hometown, but I had just directed the U.S. Census for the state of Mississippi. In most Delta counties in Mississippi, they were predominantly African-American, and had declined about 11 percent since the 1960s. The southern delta, including Issaquena, did not fare so well; the town of Clarksdale, known as the Golden Buckle in the Cotton Belt, was prosperous. After nine months in my position, I found information about the hospital from Dr. Allen, who immersed himself in the history of Yazoo City.
After the capture of Vicksburg in July 1863, Yazoo City was briefly occupied by Union raids, and the Union tank-fisted USS Baron DeKalb sank a mine during that time. The war brought the war to the city as the Yankee fleet steamed across the river to Vickersburg. During the early war, the U.S. Department of the Interior's Civil War Medical Center was built in Yazoos City.